Types of medication

The available medications for schizophrenia can be split broadly into two types: oral and injectable. The different advantages of these types of medication are described below.

Current medications

  • Available as tablets, liquids or quick-dissolving or soluble tablets*

  • The medication can be stopped quickly most of the time if the patientis having troublesome side-effects1

  • The patient may not have to remember to take medication

  • May provide stable levels of the medication in the blood1,9

  • The patient may see their healthcare team more often

  • The patient needs to take their medication every day

  • Patient may forget their medication

  • Older medications may make the patient feel shaky or make their muscles feel stiff compared with newer medications 1,9

  • Some people suffer from injection site pain,and/or swelling

  • Conventional medications may make patients feel shaky or make their muscles feel stiff compared with newer medications

  • Every day, sometimes several times a day*

  • Usually every 2-4 weeks*

  • Yes

  • No. A healthcare professional will need to give the patient their injections. Injections can be given at home or at the local clinic

  • The patient will need to remember.Patients may need to ask their family and/or caregiver to remind them

  • The patient will arrange an appointment with their healthcare professional or key worker to have their injections. If an appointment is missed, the key worker may try to contact the patient to re-arrange their injection as soon as possible

  • People respond at different rates.However, stable and effective levels should be reached within a few days

  • Some new injections will start to work within the first week but with older types of injection it may take longer.* Initially, the patient may also need to take oral antipsychotic medication, and this should be reduced gradually over time

*Depends on the medication prescribed. Please ask a healthcare professional for more information.